TitleDoes chronic ankle instability influence lower extremity muscle activation of females during landing?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLi, Y, Ko, J, Walker, MA, Brown, CN, Schmidt, JD, Kim, S-H, Simpson, KJ
JournalJ Electromyogr Kinesiol
Date Published2018 Feb
KeywordsAnkle, Ankle Injuries, Ankle Joint, Biomechanical Phenomena, Female, Humans, Joint Instability, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Skeletal, Young Adult

Much remains unclear about how chronic ankle instability (CAI) could affect knee muscle activations and interact with knee biomechanics. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the influence of CAI on the lower extremity muscle activation at the ankle and knee joints during landings on a tilted surface. A surface electromyography system and two force plates were used to collect lower extremity muscle activation of 21 young female individuals with CAI and 21 pair-matched controls during a double-leg landing with test limb landing on the tilted surface. In the pre-landing phase, compared to controls, CAI participants displayed a reduced ankle evertor activation that could place CAI at a high risk of giving way or sprain injury. In the landing phase, an increased tibialis anterior activation of CAI led to increased co-contraction of ankle muscles in the sagittal and frontal plane. A greater ankle muscle co-contraction could increase the ankle stability during landings but may adversely influence the knee muscle activations (e.g., a greater co-contraction ratio of quadriceps to hamstrings). Relevant training programs (e.g., increasing pre-landing peroneal activation, and optimizing activation ratio of quadriceps to hamstrings) may help individuals with CAI improving ankle stability and reduce atypical knee loading during landings.

Alternate JournalJ Electromyogr Kinesiol
PubMed ID29175719