TitleDifferences in university students' motivation between a required and an elective physical activity education policy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsKim, MSong, Cardinal, BJ
JournalJ Am Coll Health
Date Published04/2019
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Attitude to Health, Exercise, Female, Humans, Male, Motivation, Physical Education and Training, Students, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States, Universities, Young Adult

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences in students' physical activity motivation, competence, and weekly exercise metabolic equivalent units (METs) between universities with different physical activity education (PAE) policy arrangements (ie, a required PAE vs. an elective PAE).

PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 953) were purposefully recruited from two universities with different PAE policies 1 week before the start of fall term 2015.

METHODS: Participants completed questionnaires assessing their physical activity motivation, competence, and weekly exercise METs.

RESULTS: The results of this study suggest that having a required PAE policy allows for more students with lower self-determined forms of motivation (ie, amotivation) to be reached in comparison to the elective PAE policy.

CONCLUSIONS: This finding highlights that a primary value of having a required PAE policy is its ability to reach less motivated students.

Alternate JournalJ Am Coll Health
PubMed ID29952738