TitleDay-to-day inconsistency in parent knowledge: links with youth health and parents' stress.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLippold, MA, McHale, SM, Chandler, KD, Kossek, EErnst
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Volume56
Issue3
Pagination293-9
Date Published2015 Mar
ISSN1879-1972
KeywordsAdolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Adult, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Health Status, Humans, Male, Mental Health, Parent-Child Relations, Parents, Risk-Taking, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires, Time Factors, United States
Abstract
 

PURPOSE: Considerable evidence documents the linkages between higher levels of parental knowledge about youth activities and positive youth outcomes. This study investigated how day-to-day inconsistency in parental knowledge of youth activities was linked to youth behavioral, psychological, and physical health and parents' stress.

METHODS: Participants were employees in the Information Technology Division of a Fortune 500 company and their children (N = 129, mean age of youth = 13.39 years, 55% female). Data were collected from parents and youth via separate workplace and in-home surveys as well as telephone diary surveys on eight consecutive evenings. We assessed day-to-day inconsistency in parental knowledge across these eight calls.

RESULTS: Parents differed in their knowledge from day to day almost as much as their average knowledge scores differed from those of other parents. Controlling for mean levels of knowledge, youth whose parents exhibited more knowledge inconsistency reported more physical health symptoms (e.g., colds and flu). Knowledge inconsistency was also associated with more risky behavior for girls but greater psychological well-being for older adolescents. Parents who reported more stressors also had higher knowledge inconsistency.

CONCLUSIONS: Assessing only average levels of parental knowledge does not fully capture how this parenting dimension is associated with youth health. Consistent knowledge may promote youth physical health and less risky behavior for girls. Yet knowledge inconsistency also may reflect normative increases in autonomy as it was positively associated with psychological well-being for older adolescents. Given the linkages between parental stress and knowledge inconsistency, parent interventions should include stress management components.

DOI10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.11.017
Alternate JournalJ Adolesc Health
PubMed ID25703318
PubMed Central IDPMC4338414
Grant ListU01OH008788 / OH / NIOSH CDC HHS / United States
U01 HD051217 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD051256 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01HD059773 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01HD051276 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01AG027669 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 OH008788 / OH / NIOSH CDC HHS / United States
U01HD051217 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG027669 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD059773 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD051276 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD051218 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01HD051256 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01HD051218 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States