TitleDaily Caregiving Appraisals, Future Self-Views, and Physical Activity Goals Among Adult-Daughter Dementia Caregivers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsTurner, SG, Hooker, K, Chandler, KD, Settersten, RA, Stawski, RS
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Date Published08/2023
ISSN1758-5368
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Caregiving dynamics may shape caregivers' views on their own aging in ways that affect their (de)motivation to improve their current and future health and well-being. In this study, we investigated within-person associations of daily positive and negative caregiving appraisals, future self-views (physical functioning, cognitive, and overall health domains), and physical activity goal pursuit among adult daughter dementia caregivers.

METHOD: Data came from 33 middle-aged caregivers (M = 55.03) who participated in a 30-day microlongitudinal study of caregiving (N of occasions = 855). We used multilevel modeling to analyze within-person associations.

RESULTS: Daily positive caregiving appraisals were not associated with daily future self-views. However, on days when caregivers reported higher negative caregiving appraisals, they thought more negatively about their future older selves in all domains. On days when caregivers thought more negatively about their future older selves in all domains, they reported lower physical activity goal pursuit. Future self-views in all three domains mediated the association between negative caregiving appraisals and physical activity goal pursuit. Future self-views did not mediate the association between positive caregiving appraisals. However, cognitive future self-views moderated the association between positive caregiving appraisals and physical activity goal pursuit.

DISCUSSION: Results suggest that one pathway through which subjective caregiving experiences, especially negative caregiving appraisals, impact caregivers' physical activity goal pursuit is through future self-views. Thus, this study offers a deeper theoretical understanding of caregivers' self-regulatory health behavior and new empirical information on how caregiving might impact lifespan developmental motivation.

DOI10.1093/geronb/gbad119
Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
PubMed ID37589471