TitleCytokine Expression by Human Macrophage-Like Cells Derived from the Monocytic Cell Line THP-1 Differs Between Treatment With Milk from Preterm- and Term-Delivering Mothers and Pasteurized Donor Milk.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsDemers-Mathieu, V, Huston, RK, Dallas, DC
Date Published05/2020

Immunomodulatory proteins from human milk may enhance the protection and development of the infant's gut. This study compared the immunomodulatory effects of treatment with milk from preterm-(PM) and term-delivering (TM) mothers and pasteurized donor milk (DM) on cytokine gene expression in human macrophage-like cells derived from the monocytic cell line THP-1. The gene expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-12 (p40), IL-10 and GAPDH in macrophages treated with PM, TM and DM at steady and activated (inflammatory) states were measured using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. TNF-α and IL-6 in macrophages (both states) with DM were higher than PM or TM. IL-10 in steady state macrophages with DM was higher than PM whereas DM increased IL-10 in activated macrophages compared with TM. TM increased IL-6 and IL-12 (p40) in steady state macrophages compared with PM. IL-12 (p40) in activated macrophages with TM was higher than PM. IL-10 in steady state macrophages with TM was higher than PM. These results suggest that DM induces higher gene expression of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in macrophages compared with PM or TM. PM reduced gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines compared with TM, which may decrease the development of necrotizing enterocolitis and systematic inflammation.

Alternate JournalMolecules
PubMed ID32443898
Grant ListR00HD079561 / / Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development /
2018-67017-27521 / / National Institute of Food and Agriculture /
2017-1586 / / Gerber Foundation /