|Title||Concussion History and Time Since Concussion Do not Influence Static and Dynamic Balance in Collegiate Athletes.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Merritt, ED, Brown, CN, Queen, RM, Simpson, KJ, Schmidt, JD|
|Journal||J Sport Rehabil|
|Date Published||2017 Nov|
|Keywords||Athletes, Athletic Injuries, Brain Concussion, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Postural Balance, Time Factors, Universities, Young Adult|
CONTEXT: Dynamic balance deficits exist following a concussion, sometimes years after injury. However, clinicians lack practical tools for assessing dynamic balance.
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there are significant differences in static and dynamic balance performance between individuals with and without a history of concussion.
DESIGN: Cross sectional.
SETTING: Clinical research laboratory.
PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: 45 collegiate student-athletes with a history of concussion (23 males, 22 females; age = 20.0 ± 1.4 y; height = 175.8 ± 11.6 cm; mass = 76.4 ± 19.2 kg) and 45 matched controls with no history of concussion (23 males, 22 females; age = 20.0 ± 1.3 y; height = 178.8 ± 13.2 cm; mass = 75.7 ± 18.2 kg).
INTERVENTIONS: Participants completed a static (Balance Error Scoring System) and dynamic (Y Balance Test-Lower Quarter) balance assessment.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A composite score was calculated from the mean normalized Y Balance Test-Lower Quarter reach distances. Firm, foam, and overall errors were counted during the Balance Error Scoring System by a single reliable rater. One-way ANOVAs were used to compare balance performance between groups. Pearson's correlations were performed to determine the relationship between the time since the most recent concussion and balance performance. A Bonferonni adjusted a priori α < 0.025 was used for all analyses.
RESULTS: Static and dynamic balance performance did not significantly differ between groups. No significant correlation was found between the time since the most recent concussion and balance performance.
CONCLUSIONS: Collegiate athletes with a history of concussion do not present with static or dynamic balance deficits when measured using clinical assessments. More research is needed to determine whether the Y Balance Test-Lower Quarter is sensitive to acute balance deficits following concussion.
|Alternate Journal||J Sport Rehabil|