|Title||Cold stress during room temperature housing alters skeletal response to simulated microgravity (hindlimb unloading) in growing female C57BL6 mice.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Wong, CP, Branscum, AJ, Fichter, AR, Sargent, J, Iwaniec, UT, Turner, RT|
Laboratory mice are typically housed at temperatures below the thermoneutral zone for the species, resulting in cold stress and premature cancellous bone loss. Furthermore, mice are more dependent upon non-shivering thermogenesis to maintain body temperature during spaceflight, suggesting that microgravity-induced bone loss may be due, in part, to altered thermogenesis. Consequently, we assessed whether housing mice at room temperature modifies the skeletal response to simulated microgravity. This possibility was tested using the hindlimb unloading (HLU) model to mechanically unload femora. Humeri were also assessed as they remain weight bearing during HLU. Six-week-old female C57BL6 (B6) mice were housed at room temperature (22 °C) or near thermoneutral (32 °C) and HLU for 2 weeks. Compared to baseline, HLU resulted in cortical bone loss in femur, but the magnitude of reduction was greater in mice housed at 22 °C. Cancellous osteopenia in distal femur (metaphysis and epiphysis) was noted in HLU mice housed at both temperatures. However, bone loss occurred at 22 °C, whereas the bone deficit at 32 °C was due to failure to accrue bone. HLU resulted in cortical and cancellous bone deficits (compared to baseline) in humeri of mice housed at 22 °C. In contrast, fewer osteopenic changes were detected in mice housed at 32 °C. These findings support the hypothesis that environmental temperature alters the skeletal response to HLU in growing female mice in a bone compartment-specific manner. Taken together, species differences in thermoregulation should be taken into consideration when interpreting the skeletal response to simulated microgravity.