TitleCoherence between surface electromyograms is influenced by electrode placement in hand muscles.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsKeenan, KG, Collins, JD, Massey, WV, Walters, TJ, Gruszka, HD
JournalJ Neurosci Methods
Date Published2011 Jan 30
KeywordsAction Potentials, Adult, Electrodes, Electromyography, Female, Hand, Humans, Male, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Skeletal, Pinch Strength, Young Adult


We used multi-channel surface electromyograms (EMGs) to examine if electrode location influences coherence measures derived from pairs of EMGs recorded from two hand muscles during a pinch task. A linear probe of 16 electrodes was used to estimate the location of the innervation zone in first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and abductor pollicis brevis (APB). Four electrodes were then placed on the skin overlying each muscle and three bipolar electrode configurations were constructed with their center points directly over the innervation zone, and 15mm distal and proximal to the innervation zone. Ten subjects performed two force-matching tasks for 120s at 2N and 3.5N by pressing a force sensor held between the thumb and index finger. Coherence spectra were calculated from pairs of EMGs recorded from the two muscles. Maximal coherence from 1 to 15Hz and 16 to 32Hz was calculated at both force levels from the EMGs with electrodes centered over the innervation zones of FDI and APB. These values were compared to the maximal coherence from all other EMG comparisons across muscles recorded with electrodes that avoided the innervation zones. ANOVA revealed significant main effects only for electrode location, with a 58.1% increase (p=0.001) in maximal coherence for EMGs detected from pairs of electrodes that avoided the innervation zone (from 0.11±0.02 to 0.18±0.03; mean±95% confidence interval). These results indicate that electrode location relative to the innervation zone influences EMG-EMG coherence and should be carefully considered when placing EMG electrodes on hand muscles.

Coherence between surface electromyograms is influenced by electrode placement in hand muscles.

Alternate JournalJ. Neurosci. Methods
PubMed ID21074555