TitleChildren's Self-Regulation in Norway and the United States: The Role of Mother's Education and Child Gender Across Cultural Contexts.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsLenes, R, Gonzales, CR, Størksen, I, McClelland, MM
JournalFront Psychol
Date Published01/2020

Self-regulation develops rapidly during the years before formal schooling, and it helps lay the foundation for children's later social, academic, and educational outcomes. However, children's self-regulation may be influenced by cultural contexts, sociodemographic factors, and characteristics of the child. The present study investigates whether children's levels of self-regulation, as measured by the Head-Toes-Knees-Shoulders (HTKS) task, are the same in samples from Norway ( = 5.79; = 243, 49.4% girls) and the United States (U.S.) ( = 5.65; = 264, 50.8% girls) and whether the role of mother's education level and child gender on children's self-regulation differ across the two samples. Results showed that Norwegian and U.S. children had similar levels of self-regulation. Mother's education level significantly predicted children's self-regulation in the U.S. sample but not in the Norwegian sample, and this difference across samples was significant. Girls had a significantly higher level of self-regulation than boys in the Norwegian sample, but there were no gender differences in the U.S. sample. However, the effect of child gender on self-regulation did not differ significantly across the two samples. Results highlight the importance of cross-cultural studies of self-regulation.

Alternate JournalFront Psychol
PubMed ID33132970
PubMed Central IDPMC7550693