TitleThe CCAAT box binding factor, NF-Y, is required for thyroid hormone regulation of rat liver S14 gene transcription.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsJump, DB, Badin, MV, Thelen, A
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published1997 Oct 31
KeywordsAnimals, CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins, Cells, Cultured, DNA-Binding Proteins, Enhancer Elements, Genetic, Gene Expression Regulation, Liver, Mutagenesis, Nuclear Proteins, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, Proteins, Rats, Sequence Deletion, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Triiodothyronine

Triiodothyronine (T3) activates rat liver S14 gene transcription through T3 receptors (TRbeta) binding distal thyroid hormone response elements located between -2.8 and -2.5 kilobase pairs upstream from the transcription start site. Previous studies suggested that proximal promoter elements located between -220 to -80 base pairs upstream from the 5' end of the S14 gene were involved in hormone activation of the S14 gene. This report identifies an inverted CCAAT box (or Y box) at -104ATTGG-100 as a core cis-regulatory element. Gel shift studies using rat liver nuclear proteins show that at least three CCAAT-binding factors interact with this region as follows: NF-Y and c/EBP-related proteins formed major complexes, whereas NF-1/CTF forms a minor complex in gel shift assay. Mutation of the Y box indicated that loss of NF-Y binding, but not c/EBP or NF-1, correlated closely with a decline in basal activity and a loss of T3-mediated transactivation. Substitution of the S14 Y box in reporter genes with elements binding only NF-Y elevated basal activity and T3-mediated transactivation, whereas substitution with elements binding c/EBP-related proteins or SP1 displayed low basal activity and T3-mediated transactivation. These studies indicate that NF-Y and TRbeta functionally interact to confer T3 control to the S14 gene.

Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID9346922
Grant ListR01 DK043220 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK43220 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States