TitleBeyond faith-based organizations: using comparative institutional ethnography to understand religious responses to HIV and AIDS in Brazil.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMuñoz-Laboy, MA, Murray, L, Wittlin, N, Garcia, J, Terto, V, Parker, RG
JournalAm J Public Health
Date Published2011 Jun
KeywordsAnthropology, Cultural, Brazil, Catholicism, Health Services Accessibility, HIV Infections, Humans, Organizations, Nonprofit, Protestantism, Qualitative Research, Religion, Stereotyping

Religious institutions, which contribute to understanding of and mobilization in response to illness, play a major role in structuring social, political, and cultural responses to HIV and AIDS. We used institutional ethnography to explore how religious traditions--Catholic, Evangelical, and Afro-Brazilian--in Brazil have influenced HIV prevention, treatment, and care at the local and national levels over time. We present a typology of Brazil's division of labor and uncover overlapping foci grounded in religious ideology and tradition: care of people living with HIV among Catholics and Afro-Brazilians, abstinence education among Catholics and Evangelicals, prevention within marginalized communities among Evangelicals and Afro-Brazilians, and access to treatment among all traditions. We conclude that institutional ethnography, which allows for multilevel and interlevel analysis, is a useful methodology.

Alternate JournalAm J Public Health
PubMed ID21493944
PubMed Central IDPMC3093277
Grant ListR01 HD050118-02 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD050118-04 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD050118-05 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD050118-01 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
1 R01 HD050118 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
T32 HD049339 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD050118 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD050118-03 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States