|Title||The Association Between Client Characteristics and Recovery in California’s Comprehensive Community Mental Health Programs|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Yoon, J, Bruckner, TA, Brown, TT|
|Journal||American Journal of Public Health|
|Pagination||e1 - e7|
Objectives: In November 2004, California voters passed the Mental Health Services Act, which allocated more than $3 billion for comprehensive community mental health programs. We examined whether these county-level programs, known as “full service partnerships,” promoted independent living arrangements (i.e., recovery) among their clients. Methods. We used Markov chain models to identify probabilities of residential transitions among 8 living arrangements (n = 9208 adults followed up to 4 years). We modeled these transitions on the basis of patterns of program participation and clinical and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Interrupted program participation and substance abuse were significantly associated with a reduced likelihood of independent living and a greater probability of homelessness and incarceration. Persons with schizophrenia were the least likely to live independently, followed by persons with bipolar disorder. Compared with Whites, non-Whites were more frequently found to be homeless or in jail. Conclusion: Clients with sustained enrollment in California’s comprehensive community mental health programs appear most likely to transition to independent living. The likelihood of this transition, however, shows a disparity in that ethnic minority clients appear least likely to transition to independent living.