|Title||Muscle Dysmorphia Symptoms and Their Relationships to Self-concept and Negative Affect Among College Recreational Exercisers|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Ebbeck, V, Watkins, PLou, Concepcion, RY, Cardinal, BJ, Hammermeister, J|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Sport Psychology|
|Pagination||262 - 275|
This study explored the nature of the relationship between muscle dysmorphia symptoms and self-concept as well as negative affect variables. Female (n = 183) and male (n = 103) college students completed a packet of questionnaires. Data were analyzed using canonical correlation analyses and revealed significant relationships between the sets of variables. Specifically, the variance explained by muscle dysmorphia symptoms in self-concept and negative affect variables was greater than the variance explained in muscle dysmorphia symptoms by self-concept and negative affect. Perceived body attractiveness and social physique anxiety were the individual variables that predominantly contributed to the multivariate relationships.